[current_date format=l,] [current_date]

Understanding The Quantum Realm 4: Black Holes.

"If you’ve been waiting for an invitation, this calligraphy is it. Commissioned by Facebook, this is a hand-lettered design for a poster. Quote is Facebook mine "

- Massimo Vignelli

At the center of our galaxy is a massive, never-ending void of black nothingness that scientists have tried to understand more fully over the last decades. Yet our lack of complete comprehension has not prevented this scientific phenomenon from being portrayed in many sci-fi movies, cartoons, and sitcoms. NASA even happens to have a kid’s section for it on their website. This phenomenon is Black Holes. While Black Holes are  very interesting topic, they can be difficult to imagine properly. One suggestion for being able to better conceptualize this mysterious topic is seeking out videos on YouTube, which can help to bring this scientific to life. What Are Black Holes? Described as one of the most fascinating and the most mysterious entities in the universe, National Geographic defines black

At the center of our galaxy is a massive, never-ending void of black nothingness that scientists have tried to understand more fully over the last decades. Yet our lack of complete comprehension has not prevented this scientific phenomenon from being portrayed in many sci-fi movies, cartoons, and sitcoms. NASA even happens to have a kid’s section for it on their website. This phenomenon is Black Holes.

While Black Holes are  very interesting topic, they can be difficult to imagine properly. One suggestion for being able to better conceptualize this mysterious topic is seeking out videos on YouTube, which can help to bring this scientific to life.

What Are Black Holes?

Described as one of the most fascinating and the most mysterious entities in the universe, National Geographic defines black holes as a “region in space where the force of gravity is so strong, not even light, the fastest known entity in our universe can escape.”

Black holes originate  from Stars. A star holds an astonishingly massive amount of energy, produced mostly by hydrogen atoms. Usually, stars are maintained in the Universe by a proper balance between the force generated at the core of the star by these hydrogen atoms with the force of gravity outside the star.

However, if the hydrogen atoms inside the star begin to fuse, they produce heat, radiation and heavier elements like helium. This causes the internal force to reduce, and the star begins to collapse inwards due to the pressure of gravity. This process continues to the point where the gravitational force becomes so great that the star implodes and collapses into itself, thus creating a black hole.

The concept of Black Holes was first postulated by Albert Einstein in 1916. Later, Karl Schwarzschild, a German Physicist made further progress in 1916 by providing mathematical proof that any mass could be made to become a black hole if it is compressed tightly enough. However, it was not until 1971 that these theories were confirmed, when astronomers came across Constellation Cygnus x1, the first black hole to be discovered by man.

It is important to note that black holes cannot be seen. This is because they are literally “too black”. Black holes do not emit light, rather , they suck light into the hole. How, then, do scientists discover and monitor them?

There are two ways that this is accomplished:

1. By monitoring how black holes affect the stars and gas around them: Based on the patterns observed in other known holes, scientists can tell potential location of a black hole by monitoring the behavior of the stars around that location.

2. When stars interact with black holes, the result is a special kind of  emission categorized as  ‘high energy light.’ This can be detected by special kinds of satellites and telescopes.

Parts of a Black Hole.

The European Southern Observatory has produced simplified impressions that ‘depict’ the different parts of a black hole. They include:

1. Singularity: The center of the black hole into which all matter and energy collapse

2. Event Horizon: The only part of the black hole that is visible. Also known as the point of no return, it is the point from which all matter and energy can no longer escape.

3. Photon Sphere: It is a bright ring of high-energy photons that forms the boundary of the event horizon.

4. Relativistic Jets: These are jets of gas and dust that the hole produces when it feeds on nearby stars.

5. Innermost Stable Orbit: If the Event Horizon is the point of no return, the Innermost Stable Orbit is the last point of return.

6. Accretion Disc: a big disc of fast-moving gas and dust that reveals the location of the black hole.

Types of Black Holes.

Based on their size (and consequently their origin), black holes have been divided into:

1. Stellar: These  occur when Massive stars (stars usually 10-150 times bigger than our sun) implode. This is when supernovas occur. They are usually 10-20 times the size of our sun and have the diameter of an asteroid.

2. Supermassive: These  are the largest occurring black holes with most being billions of times larger than our sun. Every galaxy is thought to have one. The Supermassive black hole  for our galaxy, the milky way, is called the Sagittarius A. The largest known Supermassive is the S50014+81 which is 40 billion times the mass of our sun and 236.7 billion km (about 147078561202.58 mi) in diameter. Many believe this ultramassive black hole is the center of a giant elliptical starburst galaxy. Usually, the size of a galaxy determines the size and massive of its supermassive black hole.

3. Small: These are  further divided into Intermediate and Miniature. These black holes  are thought to be as old as the universe itself.

After now getting to know the fundamentals of  black holes, let’s go a bit deeper and explore how this phenomenon affects you. We’ll do so by answering two common questions about black holes.

1. What happens if a black hole should move close to the earth: In reality, this is impossible because of a few reasons. One is because black holes do not move. Black holes are immobile and therefore cannot move closer to the earth to cause a problem for our planet. Also, black holes shrink rather than expand. As they ‘suck things’ into them, they emit an equivalent amount of energy. This loss of energy causes the hole to shrink and eventually disappear. Of course, this process is extremely slow and takes hundreds of trillions of years to occur for some holes. Nonetheless, perhaps this provides a sense of safety for anyone concerned about the potential danger of black holes.

2. Can our Sun turn into a black hole: It is easy to see why this question would arise. Our sun is indeed a star, but it is not big enough to form a black hole. Stars that create black holes must be a lot bigger than the sun, some even billions of times larger. If peradventure, our sun does turn into a black hole, those on planet earth  would still not be sucked into it. This is because earth would still be maintained by gravity. However, the threat of freezing to death without the suns heat would become high concern. .

3. What will happen if I enter a black hole: The most straightforward answer to this question is, You would die. There is no easier or better way to put it. However, depending on the size of the black hole you choose to venture into, you have the option of choosing between a “quick death” and “a very quick death”. For larger black holes like a Supermassive, you would have the luxury of a “quick death.” This is because the force of gravity is still relatively the same along the distance of the Horizon, and the point of singularity is still farther down. The closer you get to the point of singularity, the more the pressure increases until your skin, muscle, bones, organs, and eventually, your cells themselves melt under the weight of ever-increasing pressure. In the case of smaller black holes like stellar holes that have thinner Horizon layers and closer points of singularity, you will melt the moment you hit the horizon (and for some even before), thus a “very quick death”.

One of the most exciting things about black holes is that the laws of physics, both Classical and  Quantum, do not apply to them. All laws are suspended when it comes to black holes. This leads to the  thought that a black hole could very well be a doorway into something more. Is there something at the end of nothingness? See you in the next article to find out.


More on this topic

More Stories

Refreshing and Insights
at No Cost to You!

Cancel anytime

Latest Articles

Leave a Reply


Top Products

Contact us

Wherever & whenever you are,
we are here always.

The Middle Land

100 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 700 Santa Monica, CA 90401
Footer Contact

To Editor

Terms and Conditions

October, 2023

Using our website

You may use the The Middle Land website subject to the Terms and Conditions set out on this page. Visit this page regularly to check the latest Terms and Conditions. Access and use of this site constitutes your acceptance of the Terms and Conditions in-force at the time of use.

Intellectual property

Names, images and logos displayed on this site that identify The Middle Land are the intellectual property of New San Cai Inc. Copying any of this material is not permitted without prior written approval from the owner of the relevant intellectual property rights.

Requests for such approval should be directed to the competition committee.

Please provide details of your intended use of the relevant material and include your contact details including name, address, telephone number, fax number and email.

Linking policy

You do not have to ask permission to link directly to pages hosted on this website. However, we do not permit our pages to be loaded directly into frames on your website. Our pages must load into the user’s entire window.

The Middle Land is not responsible for the contents or reliability of any site to which it is hyperlinked and does not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them. Linking to or from this site should not be taken as endorsement of any kind. We cannot guarantee that these links will work all the time and have no control over the availability of the linked pages.


All information, data, text, graphics or any other materials whatsoever uploaded or transmitted by you is your sole responsibility. This means that you are entirely responsible for all content you upload, post, email or otherwise transmit to the The Middle Land website.

Virus protection

We make every effort to check and test material at all stages of production. It is always recommended to run an anti-virus program on all material downloaded from the Internet. We cannot accept any responsibility for any loss, disruption or damage to your data or computer system, which may occur while using material derived from this website.


The website is provided ‘as is’, without any representation or endorsement made, and without warranty of any kind whether express or implied.

Your use of any information or materials on this website is entirely at your own risk, for which we shall not be liable. It is your responsibility to ensure any products, services or information available through this website meet your specific requirements.

We do not warrant the operation of this site will be uninterrupted or error free, that defects will be corrected, or that this site or the server that makes it available are free of viruses or represent the full functionality, accuracy and reliability of the materials. In no event will we be liable for any loss or damage including, without limitation, loss of profits, indirect or consequential loss or damage, or any loss or damages whatsoever arising from the use, or loss of data, arising out of – or in connection with – the use of this website.

Privacy & Cookie Policy

October, 2023

Last Updated: October 1, 2023

New San Cai Inc. (hereinafter “The Middle Land,” “we,” “us,” or “our”) owns and operates www.themiddleland.com, its affiliated websites and applications (our “Sites”), and provides related products, services, newsletters, and other offerings (together with the Sites, our “Services”) to art lovers and visitors around the world.

This Privacy Policy (the “Policy”) is intended to provide you with information on how we collect, use, and share your personal data. We process personal data from visitors of our Sites, users of our Services, readers or bloggers (collectively, “you” or “your”). Personal data is any information about you. This Policy also describes your choices regarding use, access, and correction of your personal information.

If after reading this Policy you have additional questions or would like further information, please contact us.


We collect and process personal data only for lawful reasons, such as our legitimate business interests, your consent, or to fulfill our legal or contractual obligations.

Information You Provide to Us

Most of the information Join Talents collects is provided by you voluntarily while using our Services. We do not request highly sensitive data, such as health or medical information, racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, trade union membership, etc. and we ask that you refrain from sending us any such information.

Here are the types of personal data that you voluntarily provide to us:

  • Name, email address, and any other contact information that you provide by filling out your profile forms
  • Billing information, such as credit card number and billing address
  • Work or professional information, such as your company or job title
  • Unique identifiers, such as username or password
  • Demographic information, such as age, education, interests, and ZIP code
  • Details of transactions and preferences from your use of the Services
  • Correspondence with other users or business that you send through our Services, as well as correspondence sent to JoinTalents.com

As a registered users or customers, you may ask us to review or retrieve emails sent to your business. We will access these emails to provide these services for you.

We use the personal data you provide to us for the following business purposes:

  • Set up and administer your account
  • Provide and improve the Services, including displaying content based on your previous transactions and preferences
  • Answer your inquiries and provide customer service
  • Send you marketing communications about our Services, including our newsletters (please see the Your Rights/Opt Out section below for how to opt out of marketing communications)
  • Communicate with users who registered their accounts on our site
  • Prevent, discover, and investigate fraud, criminal activity, or violations of our Terms and Conditions
  • Administer contests and events you entered

Information Obtained from Third-Party Sources

We collect and publish biographical and other information about users, which we use to promote the articles and our bloggers  who use our sites. If you provide personal information about others, or if others give us your information, we will only use that information for the specific reason for which it was provided.

Information We Collect by Automated Means

Log Files

The site uses your IP address to help diagnose server problems, and to administer our website. We use your IP addresses to analyze trends and gather broad demographic information for aggregate use.

Every time you access our Site, some data is temporarily stored and processed in a log file, such as your IP addresses, the browser types, the operating systems, the recalled page, or the date and time of the recall. This data is only evaluated for statistical purposes, such as to help us diagnose problems with our servers, to administer our sites, or to improve our Services.

Do Not Track

Your browser or device may include “Do Not Track” functionality. Our information collection and disclosure practices, and the choices that we provide to customers, will continue to operate as described in this Privacy Policy, whether or not a “Do Not Track” signal is received.


We may share your personal data with third parties only in the ways that are described in this Privacy Policy. We do not sell, rent, or lease your personal data to third parties, and We does not transfer your personal data to third parties for their direct marketing purposes.

We may share your personal data with third parties as follows:

  • With service providers under contract to help provide the Services and assist us with our business operations (such as our direct marketing, payment processing, fraud investigations, bill collection, affiliate and rewards programs)
  • As required by law, such as to comply with a subpoena, or similar legal process, including to meet national security or law enforcement requirements
  • When we believe in good faith that disclosure is necessary to protect rights or safety, investigate fraud, or respond to a government request
  • With other users of the Services that you interact with to help you complete a transaction

There may be other instances where we share your personal data with third parties based on your consent.


We retain your information for as long as your account is active or as needed to provide you Services. If you wish to cancel your account or request that we no longer use your personal data, contact us. We will retain and use your personal data as necessary to comply with legal obligations, resolve disputes, and enforce our agreements.

All you and our data are stored in the server in the United States, we do not sales or transfer your personal data to the third party. All information you provide is stored on a secure server, and we generally accepted industry standards to protect the personal data we process both during transmission and once received.


You may correct, update, amend, delete/remove, or deactivate your account and personal data by making the change on your Blog on www.themiddleland.com or by emailing our customer service. We will respond to your request within a reasonable timeframe.

You may choose to stop receiving Join Talents newsletters or marketing emails at any time by following the unsubscribe instructions included in those communications, or you can contact us.


The Middle Land include links to other websites whose privacy practices may differ from that of ours. If you submit personal data to any of those sites, your information is governed by their privacy statements. We encourage you to carefully read the Privacy Policy of any website you visit.


Our Services are not intended for use by children, and we do not knowingly or intentionally solicit data from or market to children under the age of 18. We reserve the right to delete the child’s information and the child’s registration on the Sites.


We may update this Privacy Policy to reflect changes to our personal data processing practices. If any material changes are made, we will notify you on the Sites prior to the change becoming effective. You are encouraged to periodically review this Policy.


If you have any questions about our Privacy Policy, please contact customer service or send us mail at:

The Middle Land/New San Cai
100 Wilshire Blvd., 7th Floor
Santa Monica, CA 90401

Article Submission


Are you sure? Do you want to logout of the account?

New Programs Added to Your Plan

March 2, 2023

The Michelin brothers created the guide, which included information like maps, car mechanics listings, hotels and petrol stations across France to spur demand.

The guide began to award stars to fine dining restaurants in 1926.

At first, they offered just one star, the concept was expanded in 1931 to include one, two and three stars. One star establishments represent a “very good restaurant in its category”. Two honour “excellent cooking, worth a detour” and three reward “exceptional cuisine, worth a


February 28, 2023        Hiring Journalists all hands apply

January 18, 2023          Hiring Journalists all hands apply


Leave a Reply

Forgot Password ?

Please enter your email id or user name to
recover your password

Thank you for your participation!
Back to Home
Thank you for your subscription!
Please check your email to activate your account.
Back to Home
Thank you for your participation!
Please check your email for the results.
Back to Home

Login to Vote!

Thank you for your participation,
please Log in or Sign up to Vote

Thank you for your Comment

Back to Home

Reply To:

New Programs Added to Your Plan

Login Now

123Sign in to your account