France is one of those nations where art is integral to their national identity and communal consciousness. French art also include French furniture, ceramics, architecture, and textiles.
Since the prehistoric cave paintings of Auvergne, Dordogne, and Ardèche, French art has a rich and lengthy history. After centuries, however, the true maturity and style of French painting evolved throughout the Middle Ages.
In the last three centuries, the majority of works of art and artistic movements on European land have been identified with French art expression. France has been at the forefront of artistic and intellectual development.
Two European nations, namely Italy and France, have contributed more to defining the Western world than any other nation. During the Renaissance, the French began to enhance their artistic lexicon and redefine Western civilization.
1) Classicism: This artistic trend dominated France from the middle to the end of the 17th century. It is commonly known as the Baroque style. This French painting style adheres to the classical standards of sobriety and proportion. This era produced prominent artists such as Pierre Mignard, Andre Le Notre, and Charles Le Brun.
2) Rococo and Neoclassicism: These aesthetic trends spanned the whole 18th century in France. The distinction between Rococo and Neoclassical decorative art is that Rococo art was lighter, more dramatic, and more fun. Neoclassicism, on the other hand, was inspired by antiquity.
Rococo artists such as Antoine Watteau, Jean-Marc Nattier, and Jean-Baptiste Oudry are renowned. Jacques-Louis David and Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres are well-known Neoclassical artists.
3) Romanticism: Despite being prominent in Europe, the United States, and Latin America from 1750, this aesthetic style did not reach France until the 1820s. Romanticism was characterized by a sense of rebellion against the established order of things.
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Eugène Delacroix, and Théodore Rousseau are the most prominent Romantic artists.
4) Impressionism: This artistic movement began in 1872 and continued until 1892. It was less concerned with accurately depicting the object or person and more concerned with the brushstrokes. The typical clarity of form and linear perspective were abandoned.
5) Naturalism: This aesthetic movement existed between the years 1880 and 1930. According to naturalism, social and environmental variables significantly shape human character.
Figuration Libre is the artistic movement that is currently dominating France and the majority of the rest of the world. This aesthetic trend first emerged in the 1980s. Artists frequently incorporate graffiti and comic book imagery into their works. Francois Boisrond, Robert Combas, and Hervé Di Rosa are well-known artists of this movement.
There are numerous renowned painters who settled in France. Some of the most famous artists in history, including Leonardo da Vinci, Pablo Picasso, Vincent van Gogh, etc., traveled to France from other countries to work.
Monet, born in 1840, is generally regarded as the father of Impressionism. As a result of his endeavors to depict nature in accordance with his viewpoint, he is regarded as a significant predecessor of Modernism. His most renowned works include the Water Lilies and Rouen Cathedral series.
Leonardo da Vinci was an Italian polymath who eventually moved to France. His expressive and dramatic artworks are well-known. His sharp vision and fast thinking contributed magnificent works to the world of art. His well-known works include the Mona Lisa, the Last Supper, and the Vitruvian Man.
Henri Mattise’s works have influenced numerous contemporary painters around the world. Printmaking, sculpting, and painting were among the methods he utilized to create his artworks. Among his most noteworthy compositions are La Danse and The Joy of Life.
Pablo Picasso was born in Spain but spent the majority of his life in France. He is regarded as a Cubism pioneer who made significant contributions to Surrealism and Symbolism. Picasso’s significant works include Guernica, Self-Portrait, and The Weeping Woman.
Vincent van Gogh, a Dutch painter who relocated to Paris in 1886, was born in 1853. He produced over 2100 works of art, including 860 oil paintings. He is the most significant and influential post-impressionist artist in Western art history. Van Gogh’s significant works include The Starry Night, The Potato Eaters, and Self Portrait.