[current_date format=l,] [current_date]

Free Speech Movement

By Jay Coulter As the years have passed, we have each encountered events or situations that have received massive press coverage. These events could be anything from the 9-11 planes hitting the Twin Towers, to assassinations, mass shootings, the Cuban Missile Crisis, serious earthquakes, or wild fires. How we were impacted by these events could be different for each of us, depending on any number of facts. One of the “events” I encountered was the Free Speech Movement at UC Berkeley. It took place in late 1964. I was a student there at that time. I was married and had a year old daughter. I worked nights but managed to schedule enough classes to move toward my bachelor’s degree. The Free Speech Movement began on October 1, 1964, when

By Jay Coulter

As the years have passed, we have each encountered events or situations that have received massive press coverage. These events could be anything from the 9-11 planes hitting the Twin Towers, to assassinations, mass shootings, the Cuban Missile Crisis, serious earthquakes, or wild fires. How we were impacted by these events could be different for each of us, depending on any number of facts.

One of the “events” I encountered was the Free Speech Movement at UC Berkeley. It took place in late 1964. I was a student there at that time. I was married and had a year old daughter. I worked nights but managed to schedule enough classes to move toward my bachelor’s degree.

The Free Speech Movement began on October 1, 1964, when a former Berkeley student was arrested on campus for violating the rules regarding political speech and action. The student demonstrations which followed were intense and became violent. One of the leaders said the university was a “heartless, overly bureaucratic machine”, and urged students to “throw their bodies into the machine’s gears” to stop it.

The students then adopted the practice of “going limp” when arrested. This meant the officers would be forced to carry them or drag them to the vehicles which would transport them to jail.
The various demonstrations disrupted campus activities for two or three months.

While I was not participating in this activity, it certainly had an impact on my daily behavior. It was difficult! Frequently the student demonstrators would block a building, or totally shut down a path to another section of the campus. Many of the classrooms were blocked, and many of the classes were canceled.

The Free Speech Movement began in 1964 when UC Berkeley students protested the university’s restrictions on political activities on campus. Small sit-ins and demonstrations escalated into a series of large-scale rallies and protests demanding full constitutional rights on campus. This led to the university overturning policies that would restrict the content of speech or advocacy. Today, the Movement stands as a symbol of the importance of protecting and preserving free speech and academic freedom. (Text and photo: Berkeley, University of California)

Some of the demonstrators were speaking with bull horns to support their cause, sometimes referring to the police as “the blue-coated Gestapo”.
From the beginning there were three police agencies involved, the California Highway Patrol, the Alameda County Sheriff’s Office, and the Berkeley Police Department.

A major phase of the demonstration occurred on December 2, 1964. Over 5,000 students gathered outside Sproul Hall on the Berkeley campus, and 1,500 of them entered the building for a “sit-in”. When they refused to leave, the arrests began. Due to the large number of students, additional help was requested from other agencies.

On the following morning, December 3, 1964, a request was made to the Oakland Police Department to assist the Berkeley Police in moving arrested students to the transporting vehicles. The request was granted, and many Oakland Police Officers were ordered to the Berkeley campus.
During the following twelve-hour period, 796 student demonstrators were arrested inside Sproul Hall.

Many of these officers were not aware of the “going limp” practice by the students. When faced with this, some of the officers used force to move those arrested into custody while other officers recognized the issues the students were facing and spoke calmly to them, describing the process of arrest, and the choices available. If the students cooperated, there were methods of moving them carefully, reducing the chance of injury while going down a flight of stairs, or up and down over curbs, and holding their clothing in such a way that nothing would be torn. Many, but not all, officers used this method.

After the increasingly violent protests, the Berkeley faculty voted to support the demonstrators, and the administration changed the rules, to follow the requests of the Free Speech Movement.
Things did, more or less, return to normal.

Did I mention that the nighttime job I had at this time was, in fact, with the Oakland Police Department? On the morning of December 3, 1964, I was one of the officers ordered to assist the Berkely Police with their arrests. It was the only time I had ever been in uniform on campus. I was there for five and a half hours, assisting in the arrest of many of my fellow students. Those arrests were, of course, non-violent.

I was an Oakland Police Officer for three years. I left when I was admitted to Law School at Berkeley. I later became a prosecutor with the California State Attorney General, and finally with the San Diego County District Attorney.

December 3, 1964 was an unforgettable day.

Phtoto: Jay Coulter

PROGRAM FOR MEMOIR WRITING GROUP

Tag

More on this topic

More Stories

SubscribeNewsletter@2x
Refreshing and Insights
at No Cost to You!

Cancel anytime

Latest Articles

Leave a Reply

Trending

Top Products

Contact us

Wherever & whenever you are,
we are here always.

The Middle Land

100 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 700 Santa Monica, CA 90401
Footer Contact

To Editor


Terms and Conditions

October, 2023

Using our website

You may use the The Middle Land website subject to the Terms and Conditions set out on this page. Visit this page regularly to check the latest Terms and Conditions. Access and use of this site constitutes your acceptance of the Terms and Conditions in-force at the time of use.

Intellectual property

Names, images and logos displayed on this site that identify The Middle Land are the intellectual property of New San Cai Inc. Copying any of this material is not permitted without prior written approval from the owner of the relevant intellectual property rights.

Requests for such approval should be directed to the competition committee.

Please provide details of your intended use of the relevant material and include your contact details including name, address, telephone number, fax number and email.

Linking policy

You do not have to ask permission to link directly to pages hosted on this website. However, we do not permit our pages to be loaded directly into frames on your website. Our pages must load into the user’s entire window.

The Middle Land is not responsible for the contents or reliability of any site to which it is hyperlinked and does not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them. Linking to or from this site should not be taken as endorsement of any kind. We cannot guarantee that these links will work all the time and have no control over the availability of the linked pages.

Submissions 

All information, data, text, graphics or any other materials whatsoever uploaded or transmitted by you is your sole responsibility. This means that you are entirely responsible for all content you upload, post, email or otherwise transmit to the The Middle Land website.

Virus protection

We make every effort to check and test material at all stages of production. It is always recommended to run an anti-virus program on all material downloaded from the Internet. We cannot accept any responsibility for any loss, disruption or damage to your data or computer system, which may occur while using material derived from this website.

Disclaimer

The website is provided ‘as is’, without any representation or endorsement made, and without warranty of any kind whether express or implied.

Your use of any information or materials on this website is entirely at your own risk, for which we shall not be liable. It is your responsibility to ensure any products, services or information available through this website meet your specific requirements.

We do not warrant the operation of this site will be uninterrupted or error free, that defects will be corrected, or that this site or the server that makes it available are free of viruses or represent the full functionality, accuracy and reliability of the materials. In no event will we be liable for any loss or damage including, without limitation, loss of profits, indirect or consequential loss or damage, or any loss or damages whatsoever arising from the use, or loss of data, arising out of – or in connection with – the use of this website.

Privacy & Cookie Policy

October, 2023

Last Updated: October 1, 2023

New San Cai Inc. (hereinafter “The Middle Land,” “we,” “us,” or “our”) owns and operates www.themiddleland.com, its affiliated websites and applications (our “Sites”), and provides related products, services, newsletters, and other offerings (together with the Sites, our “Services”) to art lovers and visitors around the world.

This Privacy Policy (the “Policy”) is intended to provide you with information on how we collect, use, and share your personal data. We process personal data from visitors of our Sites, users of our Services, readers or bloggers (collectively, “you” or “your”). Personal data is any information about you. This Policy also describes your choices regarding use, access, and correction of your personal information.

If after reading this Policy you have additional questions or would like further information, please contact us.

PERSONAL DATA WE COLLECT AND HOW WE USE IT

We collect and process personal data only for lawful reasons, such as our legitimate business interests, your consent, or to fulfill our legal or contractual obligations.

Information You Provide to Us

Most of the information Join Talents collects is provided by you voluntarily while using our Services. We do not request highly sensitive data, such as health or medical information, racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, trade union membership, etc. and we ask that you refrain from sending us any such information.

Here are the types of personal data that you voluntarily provide to us:

  • Name, email address, and any other contact information that you provide by filling out your profile forms
  • Billing information, such as credit card number and billing address
  • Work or professional information, such as your company or job title
  • Unique identifiers, such as username or password
  • Demographic information, such as age, education, interests, and ZIP code
  • Details of transactions and preferences from your use of the Services
  • Correspondence with other users or business that you send through our Services, as well as correspondence sent to JoinTalents.com

As a registered users or customers, you may ask us to review or retrieve emails sent to your business. We will access these emails to provide these services for you.

We use the personal data you provide to us for the following business purposes:

  • Set up and administer your account
  • Provide and improve the Services, including displaying content based on your previous transactions and preferences
  • Answer your inquiries and provide customer service
  • Send you marketing communications about our Services, including our newsletters (please see the Your Rights/Opt Out section below for how to opt out of marketing communications)
  • Communicate with users who registered their accounts on our site
  • Prevent, discover, and investigate fraud, criminal activity, or violations of our Terms and Conditions
  • Administer contests and events you entered

Information Obtained from Third-Party Sources

We collect and publish biographical and other information about users, which we use to promote the articles and our bloggers  who use our sites. If you provide personal information about others, or if others give us your information, we will only use that information for the specific reason for which it was provided.

Information We Collect by Automated Means

Log Files

The site uses your IP address to help diagnose server problems, and to administer our website. We use your IP addresses to analyze trends and gather broad demographic information for aggregate use.

Every time you access our Site, some data is temporarily stored and processed in a log file, such as your IP addresses, the browser types, the operating systems, the recalled page, or the date and time of the recall. This data is only evaluated for statistical purposes, such as to help us diagnose problems with our servers, to administer our sites, or to improve our Services.

Do Not Track

Your browser or device may include “Do Not Track” functionality. Our information collection and disclosure practices, and the choices that we provide to customers, will continue to operate as described in this Privacy Policy, whether or not a “Do Not Track” signal is received.

HOW WE SHARE YOUR INFORMATION

We may share your personal data with third parties only in the ways that are described in this Privacy Policy. We do not sell, rent, or lease your personal data to third parties, and We does not transfer your personal data to third parties for their direct marketing purposes.

We may share your personal data with third parties as follows:

  • With service providers under contract to help provide the Services and assist us with our business operations (such as our direct marketing, payment processing, fraud investigations, bill collection, affiliate and rewards programs)
  • As required by law, such as to comply with a subpoena, or similar legal process, including to meet national security or law enforcement requirements
  • When we believe in good faith that disclosure is necessary to protect rights or safety, investigate fraud, or respond to a government request
  • With other users of the Services that you interact with to help you complete a transaction

There may be other instances where we share your personal data with third parties based on your consent.

HOW WE STORE AND SECURE YOUR INFORMATION

We retain your information for as long as your account is active or as needed to provide you Services. If you wish to cancel your account or request that we no longer use your personal data, contact us. We will retain and use your personal data as necessary to comply with legal obligations, resolve disputes, and enforce our agreements.

All you and our data are stored in the server in the United States, we do not sales or transfer your personal data to the third party. All information you provide is stored on a secure server, and we generally accepted industry standards to protect the personal data we process both during transmission and once received.

YOUR RIGHTS/OPT OUT

You may correct, update, amend, delete/remove, or deactivate your account and personal data by making the change on your Blog on www.themiddleland.com or by emailing our customer service. We will respond to your request within a reasonable timeframe.

You may choose to stop receiving Join Talents newsletters or marketing emails at any time by following the unsubscribe instructions included in those communications, or you can contact us.

LINKS TO OTHER WEBSITES

The Middle Land include links to other websites whose privacy practices may differ from that of ours. If you submit personal data to any of those sites, your information is governed by their privacy statements. We encourage you to carefully read the Privacy Policy of any website you visit.

NOTE TO PARENTS OR GUARDIANS

Our Services are not intended for use by children, and we do not knowingly or intentionally solicit data from or market to children under the age of 18. We reserve the right to delete the child’s information and the child’s registration on the Sites.

PRIVACY POLICY CHANGES

We may update this Privacy Policy to reflect changes to our personal data processing practices. If any material changes are made, we will notify you on the Sites prior to the change becoming effective. You are encouraged to periodically review this Policy.

HOW TO CONTACT US

If you have any questions about our Privacy Policy, please contact customer service or send us mail at:

The Middle Land/New San Cai
100 Wilshire Blvd., 7th Floor
Santa Monica, CA 90401
USA

Article Submission


Logout

Are you sure? Do you want to logout of the account?

New Programs Added to Your Plan

March 2, 2023

The Michelin brothers created the guide, which included information like maps, car mechanics listings, hotels and petrol stations across France to spur demand.

The guide began to award stars to fine dining restaurants in 1926.

At first, they offered just one star, the concept was expanded in 1931 to include one, two and three stars. One star establishments represent a “very good restaurant in its category”. Two honour “excellent cooking, worth a detour” and three reward “exceptional cuisine, worth a

 

February 28, 2023        Hiring Journalists all hands apply

January 18, 2023          Hiring Journalists all hands apply

More

Leave a Reply

Forgot Password ?

Please enter your email id or user name to
recover your password

Roaster-JT
Thank you for your participation!
Back to Home
Roaster-JT
Thank you for your subscription!
Please check your email to activate your account.
Back to Home
Roaster-JT
Thank you for your participation!
Please check your email for the results.
Back to Home

Login to Vote!

Thank you for your participation,
please Log in or Sign up to Vote

Thank you for your Comment

Back to Home

Reply To:

New Programs Added to Your Plan


Login Now

123Sign in to your account